GASB Statement No. 54
In February 2009, Governmental Accounting Standards Board (GASB) issued Statement No. 54, Fund Balance Reporting and Governmental Fund Type Definitions, which is effective for periods that begin after June 15, 2010. The objective of GASB 54 is to enhance the usefulness of fund balance information by 1) clarifying existing governmental fund type definitions, and 2) providing clearer fund balance classifications that can be more consistently applied. Implementation of GASB 54 is required for the first fiscal year ending June 30, 2011.
OFM has reviewed each governmental fund type account to ensure it met the new definitions. This statement particularly impacts Special Revenue funds as each account is required to have substantial restricted or committed revenue. “Revenue” does not include transfers or other financing sources. These changes are reflected in Section 75.30 of the State Administrative & Accounting Manual (SAAM).
GASB 54 establishes fund balance classifications that comprise a hierarchy based primarily on the extent to which a government is bound to observe constraints imposed upon the use of the resources reported in governmental funds.
- Components of fund balance for governmental funds - This chart shows the five categories of fund balance (nonspendable, restricted, committed, assigned, and unassigned) along with an explanation and examples for each category.
GASB 54 requires fund balance to be reported by purpose or function of restriction. Fund balance general ledger (GL) codes were assigned for each account based on the purpose of the account. To implement the widespread fund balance classification changes under GASB 54, it was not possible to keep the previous governmental fund balance GL codes.
In order to facilitate reporting fund balance by the new GASB requirement for purpose or function, fund balance will close to each new GL code, as appropriate. It will be important to note which GL code has been assigned as the closing GL code for each account. When you make “reservations” of fund balance, you will be adjusting the closing GL code. For a list of governmental accounts with closing fund balance GL codes, refer to SAAM Subsection 75.30.50.
- Moving FY11 fund balance activity - This document provides instructions for moving the FY11 GL activity from the old to the new fund balance GL codes.
- Crosswalk of old to new fund balance GL codes - This list crosswalks the new fund balance and the old fund balance GL codes, along with the GL title, sort code, and budgetary fund balance indicator. The list is sorted by the new GL codes.
- Crosswalk of old to new transaction codes - With new GL codes, come new transaction codes. OFM has reviewed and created new transaction codes for the new GL codes. While sometimes these mirror the existing transaction codes, the new fund balance GL codes are required variables on some.
For more information or questions regarding the implementation of GASB 54, please contact your OFM accounting consultant.