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Department of Children, Youth, and Families

  Annual FTEs General Fund State Other Funds Total Funds
  (Dollars in Thousands)
Estimated Expenditures 1,580.7 540,311 500,422 1,040,733
2019-21 Maintenance Level 5,961.8 1,565,312 1,068,351 2,633,663
Difference from 2017-19 4,381.1 1,025,001 567,929 1,592,930
% Change from 2017-19 277.2% 189.7% 113.5% 153.1%

2019-21 Policy Other Changes

Family Child Care CBA 0.0 54,908 0 54,908
Auto Theft Prevention Account 0.0 196 (196) 0
Increase BRS Rates & Bed Capacity 0.0 17,745 7,604 25,349
One-time Fund Swap 0.0 (41,737) 41,737 0
ECEAP Quality Improvement 0.0 898 0 898
ECEAP Expansion Toward Entitlement 9.8 38,522 0 38,522
ECEAP Rate Increase 0.0 12,588 0 12,588
Acute Mental Health Staffing 7.6 1,197 0 1,197
Preserve ECLIPSE Program 0.0 4,304 0 4,304
Finance and Human Resource Staff 6.0 1,304 0 1,304
Parent Mentoring Program 1.0 4,915 1,581 6,496
Foster Parent Application Portal 0.80 1,397 1,397 2,794
Early ECEAP Pilot 2.2 4,402 232 4,634
Preschool Expansion and UHV 18.0 3,467 0 3,467
Preschool Expansion 5.7 30,110 0 30,110
Reach Out and Read 0.0 300 0 300
Reducing Gang Violence 0.0 740 0 740
YVLifeSet Young Adult Transitions 0.0 1,325 0 1,325
Expand Hub Home Model 0.0 872 0 872
Child Welfare Social Workers 78.8 7,863 7,434 15,297
Wendy's Wonderful Kids 0.0 400 0 400
DCYF Headquarters 0.0 1,178 786 1,964
Language Access Providers CBA 0.0 10 16 26
Meet New Licensing Requirements 1.0 10,385 0 10,385
Parents for Parents Program 0.0 532 0 532
Foster Parent/Parent Liaison Pilot 3.0 2,217 700 2,917
Opioid Package: CD/SUD Specialist 1.0 200 0 200
BRS Capital Funds Recruitment 1.0 50 50 100
Reduce Assaults in JR Facilities 64.9 8,388 0 8,388
Youth Services Project 0.0 350 0 350
Child Care Equal Access 0.0 0 72,263 72,263
Assessment of Treatment Model 0.0 200 0 200
Universal Home Visiting 5.0 38,773 6,288 45,061
2019-21 Policy Other Changes Total 205.8 207,999 139,892 347,891

2019-21 Policy Comp Changes

State Public Employee Benefits Rate 0.0 96 0 96
WFSE General Government 0.0 35,903 185 36,088
State Rep Employee Benefits Rate 0.0 540 0 540
Non-Rep General Wage Increase 0.0 5,419 28 5,447
Non-Rep Premium Pay 0.0 654 0 654
Non-Rep Targeted Pay Increases 0.0 324 0 324
SEIU 1199 General Government 0.0 295 0 295
Orca Transit Pass - Outside CBAs 0.0 36 0 36
PERS & TRS Plan 1 Benefit Increase 0.0 700 2 702
Non-Rep Salary Schedule Revision 0.0 174 0 174
State Tax - Wellness Gift Card 0.0 6 0 6
2019-21 Policy Comp Changes Total 0.0 44,147 215 44,362

2019-21 Policy Transfers Changes

Orca Transit Pass Funding Transfer 0.0 (1,036) (245) (1,281)
Domestic Violence Unit Transfer (5.0) (12,262) (6,390) (18,652)
Health Coalition FSA Fund Transfer 0.0 (436) 0 (436)
2019-21 Policy Transfers Changes Total (5.0) (13,734) (6,635) (20,369)

2019-21 Policy Central Services Changes

Electric Vehicle Infrastructure 0.0 79 43 122
Archives/Records Management 0.0 1 0 1
Audit Services 0.0 7 4 11
Legal Services 0.0 4,776 2,571 7,347
Administrative Hearings 0.0 170 91 261
CTS Central Services 0.0 (127) (67) (194)
DES Central Services 0.0 183 100 283
OFM Central Services 0.0 446 240 686
2019-21 Policy Central Services Changes Total 0.0 5,535 2,982 8,517
Total Policy Changes 200.8 243,947 136,454 380,401
2019-21 Policy Level 6,162.6 1,809,259 1,204,805 3,014,064
Difference from 2017-19 4,581.9 1,268,948 704,383 1,973,331
% Change from 2017-19 289.9% 234.9% 140.8% 189.6%

Policy Changes

Family Child Care CBA

Consistent with the 2019-21 collective bargaining agreement (CBA) with the Service Employees Union International 925, funding is provided for base rate increases. These include tiered reimbursement rate increases for licensed family home providers; hourly wage rate increases for Family, Friend and Neighbor providers; additional training needs to remove the cap on non-standard bonus hours; and increased health care premium coverage.

Auto Theft Prevention Account

This item replaces Washington Auto Theft Prevention Authority Account funds with General Fund-State funds due to a projected shortfall in revenue.

Increase BRS Rates & Bed Capacity

A rate increase is provided to Behavioral Rehabilitation Services (BRS) providers. This rate increase supports financial solvency, attracts staff capable of delivering quality therapeutic treatment and reduces the average length of stay for youth. This rate increase allows providers to maintain current bed capacity, supports future federal accreditation requirements for Title IV-E funding, and when combined with new investments in BRS capacity grants in the capital budget, also allows providers to add bed capacity.

One-time Fund Swap

There is a one-time reduction of unallocated General Fund-State fund balance that will be offset by using increased federal Child Care Development Funds.

ECEAP Quality Improvement

In order to expand the Early Childhood Education and Assistance Program (ECEAP) to reach entitlement, new providers must be recruited. Funding is provided for quality improvements such as coaching, technical assistance, ratings and scholarships for teachers. These services will help new providers meet the level four rating requirement for ECEAP and receive their rating in a timely manner.

ECEAP Expansion Toward Entitlement

Funding is provided for 1,037 Early Childhood Education and Assistance Program (ECEAP) slots in 2020 and 1,348 ECEAP slots in 2021, for a total of 2,385 new slots. Twenty percent of the slots are funded for three hours, 70 percent of the slots are funded for six hours, and 10 percent of the slots are funded for 10 hours.

ECEAP Rate Increase

Funding is provided for a cumulative 6 percent rate increase for slots in the Early Childhood Education and Assistance Program with a 3 percent increase, effective July 1, 2019, and another 3 percent rate increase, effective July 1, 2020.

Acute Mental Health Staffing

The acute mental health pod for female youth at Echo Glen Children's Center was recently remodeled, per the Legislature's direction in the 2015-17 capital budget. Funding is provided to hire 5.6 counselor assistants and two security officers to operate the new pod and to provide mental health treatment programs to the youth housed within.

Preserve ECLIPSE Program

Additional ongoing state funding is provided to continue delivering the Early Childhood Intervention Prevention Services (ECLIPSE) program (formerly known as the Medicaid Treatment Child Care Program). Use of federal Medicaid dollars to support this program was disallowed in 2014. The ECLIPSE program provides early intervention and treatment for children exposed to environmental, familial and biological risk factors that impact development, behavior and mental health.

Finance and Human Resource Staff

This item funds three full-time employees specializing in financial cost modeling and forecasting, two full-time human resource employees and one full-time payroll employee. These new positions will produce budget analyses for agency budget requests and fiscal notes for the department and support the hiring of over 275 caseworkers within Children and Families Support Services.

Parent Mentoring Program

Although highly successful at reducing the length of stay for children in foster care and reducing the rate of re-entry into foster care, the Parent Mentoring Program was terminated in 2009. Funding is provided for the department to contract with a nonprofit entity or entities to reestablish the Parent Mentoring Program, which provides a skilled foster parent mentor to parents whose children are in an out-of-home placement. Mentors assist families in addressing specific barriers to reunification, develop healthy social supports, and teach families how to advocate for their children. This funding is sufficient for statewide implementation beginning December 1, 2019, and will serve approximately 2,200 children over the biennium.

Foster Parent Application Portal

The department is provided funding to procure an online portal for foster parent applications and renewals. Automating the foster parent application will eliminate the current cumbersome paper application and renewal process, thereby improving foster parent satisfaction, reducing errors, decreasing the licensing process time and supporting efforts to conduct targeted recruitment of new foster parents.

Early ECEAP Pilot

This item funds a three-year Early Childhood Education and Assistance Program (ECEAP) pilot, modeled after the federal Early Head Start program. The pilot provides 154 children, newborn to three years old, in families with incomes below 110 percent of the federal poverty level with a blend of home visiting services and age appropriate curriculum in a classroom setting.

Preschool Expansion and UHV

Funding is provided to phase in 18 full-time employees to provide indirect support services related to the new Universal Home Visiting (UHV) program, Preschool Expansion program, Early Childhood Education and Assistance Program (ECEAP) pilot, and the statewide Early Learning Referral and Linkage System.

Preschool Expansion

Funding is provided for a new affordable preschool program with targeted wraparound family support services by providing 1,073 slots for 2020 and an additional 833 slots for 2021 (totaling 1,907 slots) for children in families with incomes up to 200 percent of the federal poverty level. Aligning the income limit with the state’s subsidized child care program requirement maximizes the opportunity to serve children while their parents work full time, extended hours or nontraditional work hours.

Reach Out and Read

Funding is provided for the department to maintain the Reach Out and Read contract. Reach Out and Read supports pediatricians promoting literacy readiness at each well-child doctor visit from birth to five years old. Pediatricians counsel parents about the importance of reading aloud with young children, model age appropriate ways to engage and encourage young children to read, and provide free books to low-income families.

Reducing Gang Violence

Funding is provided to expand engagement in youth services in Burien, utilizing the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Comprehensive Gang model, and to fund a pilot in King County that uses social network data to identify youth and young adults most at risk for gun-related violence and to provide intervention services.

YVLifeSet Young Adult Transitions

Young people exiting foster care, juvenile justice and mental health systems face significant challenges in successfully transitioning to adulthood. Providing intensive case management services using the YVLifeSet clinical consultation model results in significant improvements in housing and economic stability, enhanced health and safety outcomes, and reductions in recidivism rates. Funding is sufficient to contract with a community organization with expertise in the YVLifeSet case management model to serve 318 youth.

Expand Hub Home Model

Funding is provided for a community-based organization to develop seven to 10 additional Hub Homes. The Hub Home model of foster care delivery provides micro-communities of support for foster parents, parents and children. It has proven to improve child outcomes, retain foster parents, and ensure that children are in the least restrictive placement feasible.

Child Welfare Social Workers

Full-time employees and funding are provided to meet the goal of lowering the average statewide caseload ratio to 18 families per Child and Family Welfare Services (CFWS) worker and make progress toward the Braam settlement caseload outcome of 18 cases per worker within the 2020-21 biennium. The CFWS staff manage the cases of children in temporary out-of-home placements and children who have reunified with their families following a placement. This step phases in case-carrying CFWS workers, supervisors and support staff with the goal of filling 106.9 positions, including the backfill of 37.5 caseworkers who will transition to lead workers as part of a new job classification in the 2019-21 collective bargaining agreement with the Washington Federation of State Employees.

Wendy's Wonderful Kids

Wendy's Wonderful Kids is a program of the Dave Thomas Foundation for Adoption (DFTA) that provides adoption professionals to find permanent adoptive homes for children in foster care. Funding is provided, along with anticipated private funding from the DFTA, to increase the number of adoption recruiters statewide.

DCYF Headquarters

Funding is provided to cover the costs of new space for the Department of Children, Youth, and Families (DCYF) headquarters. These increases reflect leadership staffing expansion necessary to implement Second Engrossed Substitute House Bill 1661, which created the agency.

Language Access Providers CBA

Funding is adjusted for interpreter services based upon the language access providers collective bargaining agreement for the 2019-21 biennium.

Meet New Licensing Requirements

Funding is provided to help licensed family home child care providers meet new federal licensing requirements including scholarships for early learning certifications, support for ADA compliance, and concrete goods to meet health and safety environmental standards. To increase child care access for infants and toddlers, this item also funds an additional $300 per year for 4,491 infants and toddlers served during traditional work hours and an additional $300 per year for 395 infants and toddlers receiving overnight care.

Parents for Parents Program

The Washington Office of Public Defense (OPD) currently offers the Parents for Parents Program in 14 counties. This program helps parents new to the child welfare system understand what they must do to successfully reunite with their children in an out-of-home placement. The department will contract with OPD for the statewide expansion of the program.

Foster Parent/Parent Liaison Pilot

A three-year foster parent and parent liaison pilot project is funded in three child welfare offices. The pilot funds skilled foster parents and parent allies who have successfully navigated the child welfare system to work with the department on foster parent recruitment efforts and on facilitating positive relationships between foster parents and parents whose children are in an out-of-home placement. The purpose of the pilot is to study the effects of wraparound support by multiple experts on reunification and recruitment of new foster parents.

Opioid Package: CD/SUD Specialist

This step is part of a multi-agency package expanding treatment and prevention services across the state to prevent opioid-related overdose deaths. Funding is provided for one full-time employee to support pregnant and parenting individuals receiving chemical dependency or substance use disorder treatment.

BRS Capital Funds Recruitment

A one-time investment is made to recruit providers for Behavioral Rehabilitation Services (BRS) capacity grants to maintain current bed capacity and build additional bed capacity. Funding for the grants is in the capital budget.

Reduce Assaults in JR Facilities

The interim Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) audit conducted in October 2018 found that Juvenile Rehabilitation (JR) failed to meet PREA standard 115.313 (c) which requires each secure juvenile facility to maintain staffing ratios of a minimum of 1:8 during waking hours and 1:16 during sleeping hours. FTEs are provided to bring all three JR facilities into compliance with this standard.

Youth Services Project

Funding is provided to develop a process for youth in crisis, or families with youth in crisis, to access services outside of the court system. The pre-court process should include recommendations for components of the system including intake, assessment, and referral for services.

Child Care Equal Access

Federal law requires that payment rates for child care are sufficient to ensure equal access to various child care settings for all eligible children. This item increases the tiered reimbursement (TR) rates for child care center providers. The level three TR rate is increased by 7 percent and the level four TR rate is increased by 4 percent. The intent is to reduce the gap between subsidy and private pay with a focus on incentivizing quality improvement.

Assessment of Treatment Model

Juvenile Rehabilitation (JR) implemented the integrated treatment model (ITM) in 2003 to address the acute and complex treatment needs of youth committed to JR care. The ITM incorporated evidence-based interventions like dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), functional family therapy (FFT) and anger regression therapy (ART) to address the needs of youth and their families in both residential and community settings. Funding is provided to measure the evidence-based intervention models for fidelity and to evaluate the ITM, including screening, assessment and staff roles across the continuum of care.

Universal Home Visiting

A new universal home visiting and universal newborn assessment program is created and will serve 16,854 families within this biennium. Specialized nurses will conduct in-home assessments to volunteering parents with newborns between 3 and 12 weeks of age. The nurses will provide up to six home visits and determine if additional early learning resources and supports are needed. A new statewide early learning referral system is also implemented and will link families to early learning services in their community. The referral system will give home visiting nurses, parents, caregivers, medical professionals and early learning educators access to centralized resources for all early learning services in their area. Lastly, an additional 2,951 families will receive intensive home visiting services that assist families for one to three years. This more than doubles the number of families receiving state-funded intensive home visiting services today.

State Public Employee Benefits Rate

Health insurance funding is provided for state employees who are not represented by a union, who are covered by a bargaining agreement that is not subject to financial feasibility determination, or who are not part of the coalition of unions for health benefits. The insurance funding rate is $977 per employee per month for fiscal year 2020 and $978 per employee per month for fiscal year 2021.

WFSE General Government

Funding is provided for a collective bargaining agreement with the Washington Federation of State Employees - General Government. The agreement includes a general wage increase of 3 percent, effective July 1, 2019; a general wage increase of 3 percent, effective July 1, 2020; premium, shift, and other special pay changes, and increases in targeted job classifications. Employee insurance included in the agreement is displayed in a separate item.

State Rep Employee Benefits Rate

This provides health insurance funding as part of the master agreements for employees who bargain for health benefits as part of a coalition of unions. The insurance funding rate is $977 per employee per month for fiscal year 2020 and $978 per employee per month for fiscal year 2021.

Non-Rep General Wage Increase

Funding is provided for wage increases for state employees who are not represented by a union or who are covered by a bargaining agreement that is not subject to financial feasibility determination. It is sufficient for a general wage increase of 3 percent, effective July 1, 2019, and a general wage increase of 3 percent, effective July 1, 2020. This item includes both general government and higher education workers.

Non-Rep Premium Pay

Funding is provided for increases in premium pay for state employees who are not represented by a union or who are covered by a bargaining agreement that is not subject to financial feasibility determination. Funding is sufficient to support changes in shift differential, call back and standby pay, as well as a 5 percent increase for employees working in King County.

Non-Rep Targeted Pay Increases

Funding is provided for classified state employees who are not represented by a union for pay increases in specific job classes in alignment with other employees.

SEIU 1199 General Government

Funding is provided for a collective bargaining agreement with the Service Employees’ International Union Local 1199 NW. The agreement includes a general wage increase of 3 percent, effective July 1, 2019; a general wage increase of 3 percent, effective July 1, 2020; premium pay changes; and increases in targeted job classifications. Employee insurance included in the agreement is displayed in a separate item.

Orca Transit Pass - Outside CBAs

This funds transit passes (ORCA cards) for state employees (outside of higher education) in King, Pierce, and Snohomish counties, other than those in certain collective bargaining agreements.

PERS & TRS Plan 1 Benefit Increase

For eligible Public Employees' and Teachers' Retirement Systems Plan 1 members, this item provides a one-time, ongoing increase of 3 percent, up to a maximum of $62.50 per month.

Non-Rep Salary Schedule Revision

This funds a revised salary schedule for non-represented employees in information technology jobs, in alignment with other state employees.

State Tax - Wellness Gift Card

Some employees are eligible to earn a $25 gift card after completing a health risk assessment. This item provides funding to agencies to pay the employer's share of Social Security and Medicare taxes on gift cards for additional employees who are eligible for the gift cards.

Orca Transit Pass Funding Transfer

This moves funding for employee transit passes from agencies to WSDOT, which administers the program. The transfer includes both funding added in 2019-21 for expanded access, as well as funding that was provided in the 2017-19 budget.

Domestic Violence Unit Transfer

This is a net zero transfer wherein FTEs and funding for the Domestic Violence Unit and its associated programs are transferred from the Department of Children, Youth, and Families to the Department of Social and Health Services.

Health Coalition FSA Fund Transfer

This moves funding for negotiated medical flexible spending arrangements (FSA) from individual agency budgets. It will be provided to the Health Care Authority, which will administer the benefit.

Electric Vehicle Infrastructure

Agency budgets are adjusted to reflect each agency's estimated portion of increased fee for service charges from the Department of Enterprise Services to expand electric vehicle infrastructure for the state Motor Pool fleet.

Archives/Records Management

Agency budgets are adjusted to reflect each agency's allocated share of charges for the state archives and state records center.

Audit Services

Agency budgets are adjusted to reflect each agency's allocated share of charges for state government audits.

Legal Services

Agency budgets are adjusted to reflect each agency's anticipated share of legal service charges.

Administrative Hearings

Agency budgets are adjusted to reflect each agency's anticipated share of charges for administrative hearings.

CTS Central Services

Agency budgets are adjusted to reflect each agency's allocated share of charges from the Consolidated Technology Services Agency (WaTech) for the Office of the Chief Information Officer, Office of Cyber Security, state network, security gateways, and geospatial imaging services.

DES Central Services

Agency budgets are adjusted to reflect each agency's allocated share of charges from the Department of Enterprise Services (DES) for campus rent, utilities, parking, and contracts; a capital project surcharge; financing cost recovery; public and historic facilities; real estate services; risk management services; personnel service rates; the Perry Street child care center; and the department's enterprise applications.

OFM Central Services

Agency budgets are adjusted to reflect each agency's allocated share of charges from the Office of Financial Management (OFM) for the One Washington project and OFM enterprise systems.