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Department of Corrections

  Annual FTEs General Fund State Other Funds Total Funds
  (Dollars in Thousands)
Estimated Expenditures 9,062.4 2,347,839 104,898 2,452,737
2021-23 Maintenance Level 9,426.8 2,515,179 13,406 2,528,585
Difference from 2019-21 364.4 167,340 (91,492) 75,848
% Change from 2019-21 4.0% 7.1% (87.2%) 3.1%

2021-23 Policy Other Changes

Relocation Costs 0.0 1,655 0 1,655
Regulatory Compliance 0.0 1,580 0 1,580
Custody Relief Factor 64.2 12,627 0 12,627
Vendor Rate 0.0 1,869 0 1,869
Auto Theft Prevention Account 0.0 1,678 (1,678) 0
Contraband Management 10.1 2,444 0 2,444
SCAAP Federal Funding Loss 0.0 1,974 0 1,974
Shift Staffing from IIBF to GF-S 28.6 5,586 0 5,586
Strength in Families 11.9 3,062 0 3,062
Education Modernization 3.1 3,281 0 3,281
PREA Coordinators 5.7 1,337 0 1,337
Sentencing and Policy Changes 188.0 (108,389) 0 (108,389)
Prison Staffing Reduction (518.8) (74,315) 0 (74,315)
Quality Assurance & Care Navigation 24.6 5,377 0 5,377
End Yakima Jail Contract 0.0 (3,722) 0 (3,722)
Delay Maple Lane Expansion (101.3) (23,154) 0 (23,154)
Reentry Investments 97.2 31,966 0 31,966
Behavioral Health Treatment 27.0 6,030 0 6,030
2021-23 Policy Other Changes Total (159.7) (129,114) (1,678) (130,792)

2021-23 Policy Comp Changes

Pension Adjustments, nonrate 0.0 765 2 767
State Employee Benefits 0.0 (545) (1) (546)
WFSE General Government 0.0 (10,093) 0 (10,093)
Temporary Layoffs and Other Savings 0.0 (25,840) (191) (26,031)
Juneteenth State Holiday 0.0 2,931 0 2,931
Rep Employee Health Benefits 0.0 (2,838) (7) (2,845)
Coalition of Unions 0.0 9 0 9
Non-Rep General Wage Increase 0.0 (7,810) 0 (7,810)
2021-23 Policy Comp Changes Total 0.0 (43,421) (197) (43,618)

2021-23 Policy Central Services Changes

Archives/Records Management 0.0 78 0 78
Audit Services 0.0 (23) 0 (23)
Legal Services 0.0 (863) 0 (863)
CTS Central Services 0.0 2,230 0 2,230
DES Central Services 0.0 204 0 204
OFM Central Services 0.0 11,937 0 11,937
Self-Insurance Liability Premium 0.0 6,884 0 6,884
2021-23 Policy Central Services Changes Total 0.0 20,447 0 20,447
Total Policy Changes (159.7) (152,088) (1,875) (153,963)
2021-23 Policy Level 9,267.1 2,363,091 11,531 2,374,622
Difference from 2019-21 204.7 15,252 (93,367) (78,115)
% Change from 2019-21 2.3% 0.65% (89.0%) (3.2%)

Policy Changes

Relocation Costs

Funding is provided for the relocation of leased facilities due to recent increases in the community supervision caseload related to legislative and policy changes. (General Fund - State)

Regulatory Compliance

This item enables the Department of Corrections to conduct statewide surveys, complete groundwater cleanup, and address other regulatory compliance issues as notified by the Department of Ecology, city of Airway Heights, and Department of Health. DOC is required to take action on regulatory requirements that are governed by other state agencies, local municipalities, and the federal government. (General Fund - State)

Custody Relief Factor

Funding is provided for a phased increase to the relief factor in the prison staffing model. Increased relief positions replace the use of mandatory overtime for coverage that must occur in 24/7 facilities. Excessive mandatory overtime contributes to staff fatigue that impacts the well-being of both incarcerated individuals and agency staff. (General Fund - State)

Vendor Rate

This item funds rate increases for work release providers and contracts for psychologists providing evaluations for correctional officers during the hiring process. (General Fund - State)

Auto Theft Prevention Account

General Fund-State dollars are provided in place of the Washington Auto Theft Prevention Authority Account to account for declining revenue. (General Fund - State, WA Auto Theft Prevention Auth Acct - State)

Contraband Management

In 2019, the Legislature directed the department to pilot the use of a body scanner at the Washington State Corrections Center for Women. At that time, funding was provided for the purchase of the scanner but not for staff to operate it. This funding will provide the necessary staff for this purpose. (General Fund - State)

SCAAP Federal Funding Loss

The Department of Corrections previously received funds through the State Crime Alien Assistance Program (SCAAP) to assist in paying for the cost of incarceration for undocumented immigrants who have committed serious crimes in Washington. In recent years, the Federal Bureau of Justice Assistance instituted several changes to the administration of these funds that resulted in the complete elimination of federal SCAAP funding distributed to the state. Funding is provided to replace the loss of federal SCAAP funds with General Fund-State dollars. (General Fund - State)

Shift Staffing from IIBF to GF-S

Staff salaries are shifted from the Incarcerated Individual Betterment Fund (IIBF) to General Fund-State. This will make more funds available for investments in improvements and programming in support of the goals of the fund to increase family ties and avoid idleness. (General Fund - State)

Strength in Families

Funding is provided to continue Strength in Families, a successful evidence-informed reentry program for incarcerated parents that has been federally funded since 2016. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services discontinued funding for this program at the end of the federal fiscal year 2020 grant cycle. (General Fund - State)

Education Modernization

Funding is provided to increase access to educational opportunities for incarcerated individuals through continued expansion and support of the secure internet program at correctional facilities and specialists to address the needs of incarcerated individuals with learning disabilities. (General Fund - State)

PREA Coordinators

Five state correctional facilities do not have dedicated staff on-site to coordinate facility implementation of Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) policies. Funding is provided for PREA coordinator positions to ensure the safety of incarcerated individuals and compliance with federal requirements. (General Fund - State)

Sentencing and Policy Changes

Funding is reduced to capture savings due decreased average daily population (ADP) in Department of Corrections facilities. ADP reductions will result from sentencing reforms proposed in accompanying request legislation impacting the Graduated Reentry program, earned time eligibility, and limitations on tolling, as well as a policy change reducing maximum violator sanctions from 30 to 15 days. These reductions are in addition to those in the related "Prison Staffing Reduction" item. (General Fund - State)

Prison Staffing Reduction

Funding is reduced to capture savings due to anticipated unit closures resulting from decreased average daily population (ADP) in Department of Corrections facilities. ADP reductions will result from sentencing reforms proposed in accompanying request legislation impacting the Graduated Reentry program, earned time eligibility, and limitations on tolling. These reductions are in addition to those in the related "Sentencing and Policy Changes" item. (General Fund - State)

Quality Assurance & Care Navigation

The Department of Corrections has an increasing number of patients with acute and complex needs and high incidence of co-occurring and chronic illnesses. Meeting the health care needs of these individuals requires establishment of robust systems of care. Funding is provided to implement an integrated health services model with a focus on quality assurance and care navigation to ensure timely, efficient and effective delivery of quality services. (General Fund - State)

End Yakima Jail Contract

Funding is reduced to capture savings due to the termination of the contract with Yakima County Jail. The contract was in place due to capacity concerns for the female incarcerated population, but the extra beds are no longer needed. (General Fund - State)

Delay Maple Lane Expansion

Funding is eliminated for operating costs at the Maple Lane Corrections Center (MLCC). The 128-bed capital project at MLCC has been completed, but due to a significant decline in the female population, the new space is not currently needed. Funds were provided in the 2019-21 budget for MLCC operations beginning in October 2020 and ongoing. (General Fund - State)

Reentry Investments

Reentry support is one of the most effective ways to reduce recidivism. Funding is provided to front load reentry services including cognitive behavioral interventions, educational programming, and expanded transition resources at correctional facilities. These investments are paired with increased funding for community partnership programs, housing subsidies, and health care coordination to support successful transitions to the community. In addition, funding is provided in fiscal year 2022 to support the department in planning for implementation of a coaching model of supervision focused on risk, need and responsivity principles, rather than traditional supervision methods that focus on monitoring and punishing failure. Funding for full implementation of this coaching model begins in fiscal year 2023. (General Fund - State)

Behavioral Health Treatment

The population of incarcerated individuals has higher rates of behavioral health and substance use disorder needs than the general population. Funding is provided to expand the capacity of the department to screen individuals on intake to better establish treatment programs, reduce caseloads for psychiatrists and psychologists for better patient care, and provide a continuum of care from total confinement through eventual release to the community through additional case management. (General Fund - State)

Pension Adjustments, nonrate

This funds the potential impact of Department of Retirement Systems request legislation on pension service credit and benefit calculation. It will prevent budget reductions such as temporary layoffs from negatively affecting employee retirement benefits. (WA Auto Theft Prevention Auth Acct - State, General Fund - State)

State Employee Benefits

Health insurance funding is provided for state employees who are not represented by a union, who are covered by a bargaining agreement that is not subject to financial feasibility determination, or who are not part of the coalition of unions for health benefits. The insurance funding rate is $988 per employee per month for fiscal year 2022 and $1,018 per employee per month for fiscal year 2023. (Cost of Supervision Account - Non-Appropriated, General Fund - State)

WFSE General Government

Temporary Layoffs and Other Savings

This item reflects savings achieved from temporary layoffs or similar actions. (WA Auto Theft Prevention Auth Acct - State, General Fund - State, Cost of Supervision Account - Non-Appropriated)

Juneteenth State Holiday

This funding is necessary to implement a new state holiday of Juneteeth, based on the cost of backfilling positions that require coverage at all times. (General Fund - State)

Rep Employee Health Benefits

This provides health insurance funding for the master agreement for employee benefits as part of a coalition of unions. The insurance funding rate is $988 per employee per month for fiscal year 2022 and $1,018 per employee per month for fiscal year 2023. (WA Auto Theft Prevention Auth Acct - State, General Fund - State)

Coalition of Unions

Non-Rep General Wage Increase

This reflects savings from the cancellation of the July 1, 2020 general wage increase for some non-represented, non-classified employees. (General Fund - State)

Archives/Records Management

Adjustments are made for each agency’s anticipated share of charges for archives and records management services provided by the Secretary of State’s Office. (General Fund - State)

Audit Services

Adjustments are made for each agency’s anticipated cost of audits performed by the State Auditor’s Office. (General Fund - State)

Legal Services

Adjustments are made for each agency’s anticipated cost of legal services provided by the Attorney General’s Office. Because legal services expenditures are based on consumption, funding provided in the central service model is not all inclusive. (General Fund - State)

CTS Central Services

Adjustments are made to reflect each agency’s anticipated share of charges for Microsoft 365 G5 licenses contracted for state agencies by the Consolidated Technology Services agency. This contract allows the state to achieve economies of scale and administrative efficiencies in the management of licenses. (General Fund - State)

DES Central Services

Adjustments are made to reflect each agency’s anticipated share of charges from the Department of Enterprise Services (DES) for campus rent, utilities, parking, and contracts; capital project surcharges; financing cost recovery; public and historic facilities; real estate services; risk management services; personnel service rates; the Perry Street child care center; small agency services; and the department’s enterprise applications. (General Fund - State)

OFM Central Services

Adjustments are made to reflect each agency’s anticipated share of charges for existing statewide financial applications, One Washington, and other central services provided by the Office of Financial Management. (General Fund - State)

Self-Insurance Liability Premium

Adjustments are made to reflect each agency's share of actuarily projected costs of the Self-Insurance Liability Account. This includes adjustments to existing funding levels as well as enhancements for anticipated liabilities in the 2021-23 biennium. (General Fund - State)