Income assistance (AFDC/TANF) caseload
Income assistance (AFDC/TANF)
Compared to Population Under Age 18
- With the implementation of welfare reform in 1997, Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) caseloads dropped dramatically, despite the growing population of children under 18 years old. The share of children in TANF household declined to 2.5 percent in fiscal year 2018 from 7.0 percent in fiscal year 2011.
- The population of infants, which had been growing through fiscal year 2009, flattened in fiscal years 2010 and 2011, and then resumed growing thereafter. The share of infants in TANF households declined to 4.1 percent in fiscal year 2018 from 12.2 percent in fiscal year 2010.
- The increase in the AFDC caseload in the 1990s was a result of welfare reforms of that era, which stressed the need to prepare clients for work. Nationally it was known as the Family Support Act. In Washington, the program was known as the Family Independence Program (FIP).
- Policy changes implemented in February 2011 were responsible for majority of the decline in subsequent caseloads.
Last modified: January 8, 2019