State government FTEs compared to population
State Government Employment Including Higher Education
Operating and Capital Budget
- The number of full-time equivalent (FTE) state employees has generally tracked closely with growth in the state's total population.
- While total population growth is a reasonable indicator of demand for state government services, growth of select population groups may further drive up demand for specific services like higher education, public assistance, or prisons.
- The moderation in State Government full-time equivalent employment since 2009 has been a result of general revenue impacts in the aftermath of the "great" recession.
- Since rebounding in 2013, State Government full-time equivalent employment reached a level in 2020 that exceeded its pre-recession peak (2009) by 6.9%.
- State government FTEs grew in FY 2022 as COVID-19 mitigation policies impacted state government services, particularly general government and higher education.
Monday, December 19, 2022